Isogeometric sizing and shape optimization of thin structures with a solid-shell approach

Abstract : This work explores the use of solid-shell elements in the the framework of isogeometric shape optimization of shells. The main difference of these elements with respect to pure shell ones is their volumetric nature which can provide recognized benefits to analyze, for example, structures with non-linear behaviors. From the design point of view, we show that this geometric representation of the thickness is also of great interest since it offers new possibilities: continuous sizing variations can be imposed by modifying the distance between the control points of the outer surfaces. In other words, shape and sizing optimization can be performed in an identical manner. Firstly, we carry out a range of numerical experiments in order to carefully compare the results with the commonly adopted technique based on the Kirchhoff-Love formulation. These studies reveal that both solid-shell and Kirchhoff-Love strategies lead to very similar optimal shapes. Then we apply a bi-step strategy to integrate shape and sizing optimization. We highlight the potential of the proposed approach on a stiffened cylinder where the cross-section along the stiffener is optimized leading to a final design with smooth thickness variations. Finally, we combine the benefits of both Kirchhoff-Love and solid-shell formulations by setting up a multi-model optimization process to efficiently design a roof.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 18, 2018 - 9:55:14 PM
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Thibaut Hirschler, Robin Bouclier, Arnaud Duval, Thomas Elguedj, Joseph Morlier. Isogeometric sizing and shape optimization of thin structures with a solid-shell approach. Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2018, ⟨10.1007/s00158-018-2100-6⟩. ⟨hal-01898851⟩

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