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Discontinuous and expletive topic expressions in Homeric Greek

Abstract : Some Homeric utterances contain both a demonstrative pronoun at the beginning and a coreferent NP at the end. In most cases, the pronoun is analyzed as a non-ratified topic expression and the NP as a ratified topic expression: the former is used to reestablish the referent as a topic of the new utterance, whereas the latter clarifies the identity of the referent, which is already ratified as a topic at this point of the utterance. Each phrase is located in its dedicated slot in the Ancient Greek word order template: the non-ratified topic expression at the beginning of the clause and ratified topic expression immediately after the verb, hence the discontinuity. This discontinuous topic construction is not to be confused with another similar one, in which the NP is a presentative focus expression; in the latter construction, the initial anaphoric pronoun may be an expletive topic expression.
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Nicolas Bertrand. Discontinuous and expletive topic expressions in Homeric Greek. Felicia Logozzo; Paolo Poccetti. Ancient Greek linguistics : new approaches, insights, perspectives, De Gruyter, pp.399-410, 2017, 978-3-11-055175-4. ⟨hal-01889711⟩

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