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A Multiagent-Based Model for Epidemic Disease Monitoring in DR Congo

Jean-Claude Tshilenge Mfumu 1 Annabelle Mercier 2, 3, 4 Michel Occello 2, 3, 4 Christine Verdier 1 
3 COSY - SYstèmes complexes COopérants
LCIS - Laboratoire de Conception et d'Intégration des Systèmes
4 MACSY - Modélisation, Analyse et Commande des SYstèmes dynamiques
LCIS - Laboratoire de Conception et d'Intégration des Systèmes
Abstract : Many infectious diseases have been reported in sub-Saharan countries over the past decade due to the inefficiency of health structures to anticipate outbreaks. In a poorly-infrastructure country such as the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), with inadequate health staff and laboratories, it is difficult to respond rapidly to an epidemic, especially in rural areas. As the DRC's health system has three levels (peripheral, regional and national), from the production of health data at the peripheral level to the national level that makes the decision, meantime the disease can spread to many people. Lack of communication between health centres of the same health zone and Health zones of the same Health Provincial Division does not contribute to an optimal response. This article, an extended version of [1], proposes a well elaborated solution based on an agent-centric approach to study by simulation how to improve the process. A new experiment is described. It includes twenty-eight health zones of Kinshasa to show how a better collaboration between them can provide unique health data source for all stakeholders and help reducing disease propagation. It concerns also 47 health centres, 1 medical laboratory, 1 Provincial Health Division and 4 Rapid Riposte Teams. The simulation data, provided by Provincial Health Division of Kinshasa, concerned cholera outbreak from January to Decem-ber 2017. The interaction between these agents demonstrated that Health Zone Agent can automatically alert his neighbours whenever he encountered a confirmed case of an outbreak. This action can reduce disease propagation as population will be provided with prevention measures. These interactions between agents will provide models to propose to the current system in order to find out the best way to reduce decision time. 2
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 4, 2018 - 5:50:57 PM
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Jean-Claude Tshilenge Mfumu, Annabelle Mercier, Michel Occello, Christine Verdier. A Multiagent-Based Model for Epidemic Disease Monitoring in DR Congo. Communications in Computer and Information Science, Springer Verlag, 2019, 11th International Joint Conference on Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies (BIOSTEC) Funchal 19-21 jan 2018, 1024, pp.326-347. ⟨10.1007/978-3-030-29196-9_17⟩. ⟨hal-01888171⟩



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