Training with FES-assisted cycling in a subject with spinal cord injury: Psychological, physical and physiological considerations

Abstract : Context: People with spinal cord injury (SCI) experience the effects of a sedentary lifestyle very early on. Literature data suggest that programs using FES-assisted cycling would contribute to reduce the consequences of physical inactivity. The objective was to assess the feasibility of 12-month training on a FES-assisted bike of a subject with paraplegia for 21 years, T3, Asia Impairment Scale (AIS) A. An evaluation of morbidity, self-esteem, satisfaction, quality of life and duration of pedaling was performed. The impact on pain, cardiorespiratory function, body composition and bone metabolism were also assessed.
Findings: The acceptability score of the training constraints increased from 51 to 59/65 and satisfaction was high around 8/10. The pedaling duration increased from 1' to 26' on the recumbent bike and from 1' to 15' on open terrain. No significant changes were found with BMD and cardiorespiratory measures during exercise tests. SF 36 showed significant improvement of more than 10% and the Rosenberg Self Esteem score rapidly improved from 36 to 39/40. At the end of the training, the patient reached the objective of the Cybathlon 2016 by covering 750 m in less than 8 minutes, at an average speed of 5.80 km/hr.
Conclusion/Clinical relevance A person with high and complete level of SCI for more than 20 years can undertake this type of challenge if the prerequisites are met; this training is without danger if the safety precautions are respected; the challenge of participating in a competition had a powerful impact on JP's self-esteem and perceived quality of life.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 17, 2018 - 6:47:28 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 5:13:10 PM

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Charles Fattal, Benoît Sijobert, Anne Daubigney, Emerson Fachin-Martins, Brigitte Lucas, et al.. Training with FES-assisted cycling in a subject with spinal cord injury: Psychological, physical and physiological considerations. Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine, Maney Publishing, 2018, pp.1-12. ⟨10.1080/10790268.2018.1490098⟩. ⟨hal-01875806⟩

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