Electrophysiological Activity Evoked by Direct Electrical Stimulation of the Human Brain: Interest of the P0 Component

Abstract : Direct electrical stimulation (DES) at 60 Hz is used clinically to perform real-time functional mapping of the brain and guide tumor resection during wide-awake neurosurgery. The electrophysiological effects of DES remain by far unknown, both locally and remotely. In this study, by lowering the DES frequency to 9 Hz and by using differential recording of electro-corticographic signals to improve the focality, we were able to observe that the amplitude of the initial P0 component of the direct cortical response increased when the inter-electrode distance was increased and the pulse width was decreased. This result strongly suggests that larger neural elements, including somas and axons of pyramidal neurons buried in deeper layers of the cortical column, are activated. Their activation produce the observed P0 component, which results from the synchronized summation of action potentials triggered by DES. Interestingly, the early P0 component was not observed during the usual 60 Hz DES. The study of the P0 component and subsequent evoked potentials may help decipher the effects of DES on the stimulated cortical column and identify the activation of underlying white matter fibers. This is crucial to better understand the electrophysiological diffusion of DES, especially at higher frequencies (e.g. 60 Hz).
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Anthony Boyer, Hugues Duffau, Marion Vincent, Sofiane Ramdani, Emmanuel Mandonnet, et al.. Electrophysiological Activity Evoked by Direct Electrical Stimulation of the Human Brain: Interest of the P0 Component. EMBC: Engineering in Medicine and Biology Conference, Jul 2018, Honolulu, HI, United States. ⟨10.1109/EMBC.2018.8512733⟩. ⟨hal-01873027⟩

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