Third-order Volterra MVDR beamforming for non-Gaussian and potentially non-circular interference cancellation

Abstract : Linear beamformers are optimal, in a mean square (MS) sense, when the signal of interest (SOI) and observations are jointly Gaussian and circular. Otherwise, linear beamformers become sub-optimal. When the SOI and observations are zero-mean, jointly Gaussian and non-circular, optimal beamformers become widely linear (WL). They become non-linear with a structure depending on the unknown joint probability distribution of the SOI and observations when the latter are jointly non-Gaussian, assumption which is very common in radiocommunications. In this context, the paper aims at introducing, for small-scale systems, third-order Volterra minimum variance distortionless response (MVDR) beamformers, for the reception of a SOI, whose waveform is unknown but whose steering vector is known, corrupted by non-Gaussian and potentially non-circular interference, omnipresent in practical situations. Properties, performance, complexity and adaptive implementation of these beamformers in the presence of non-Gaussian and potentially non-circular interference are analyzed in this paper. These new beamformers are shown to always improve, in the steady state, the performance of Capon beamformer for non-gaussian/circular interference, whereas some of them improve the performance of the WL MVDR beamformer for non-Gaussian/non-circular interference. These new beamformers open new perspectives for spectrum monitoring of non-Gaussian signals and for radiocommunication networks using such signals.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 6, 2018 - 11:38:23 AM
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Pascal Chevalier, Jean-Pierre Delmas, Mustapha Sadok. Third-order Volterra MVDR beamforming for non-Gaussian and potentially non-circular interference cancellation. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2018, 66 (18), pp.4766-4781. ⟨10.1109/TSP.2018.2860551⟩. ⟨hal-01869124⟩

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