TDMA scheduling strategies for vehicular ad hoc networks: from a distributed to a centralized approach

Abstract : Vehicular Ad hoc NETworks, known as VANETs, are deployed to reduce the risk of road accidents as well as to improve passenger comfort and safety by allowing vehicles to exchange different kinds of data. Medium Access Control protocols, namely those that are based on TDMA technique play a primary role in providing bounded transmission delay while minimizing data packet loss. However, due to mobility constraints and frequent changes in topology, slot scheduling is a more challenging task in VANETs than in other networks. Many MAC protocols based on TDMA for vehicular networks have been proposed to date. Among them, CTMAC is a centralized scheduling mechanism, while DTMAC, VeMAC and AD-HOCMAC are three distributed TDMA based MAC protocols. In this paper, we evaluate and analyze the performance these four protocols. The scenarios used in the simulation experiments take into account density variation factor that influences protocol performance. We use the MOVE and SUMO tools to generate realistic mobility scenarios. Performance metrics such as access collision, merging collision rate, packet loss and overhead are evaluated using NS-2.34.
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Mohamed Hadded, Paul Muhlethaler, Anis Laouiti. TDMA scheduling strategies for vehicular ad hoc networks: from a distributed to a centralized approach. SoftCOM 2018 - 26th International Conference on Software, Telecommunications and Computer Networks, Sep 2018, Split, Croatia. ⟨10.23919/SOFTCOM.2018.8555781⟩. ⟨hal-01864550⟩

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