VAPORIZATION CHARACTERISTICS OF ETHANOL AND 1-PROPANOL DROPLETS AT HIGH TEMPERATURES

Abstract : A detailed description of the vaporization of an isolated droplet has been carried out in this experimental study aimed at investigating ethanol and another aliphatic alcohol, 1-propanol. The characterization of the vaporization phenomenon is necessary for this liquid fuel to develop efficient design of injection systems for propulsion and power generation. Particularly, the vaporization rates and their dependency on temperature, important features for modeling and design, are explored for both ethanol and 1-propanol at intermediate to high temperatures. The experimental setup consists of a pressure chamber in which the furnace, the droplet formation, the droplet support, and motion devices are located. An alcohol droplet is located at the intersection of the cross quartz fiber (diameter of 14 µm) with a controlled initial diameter (range of 300–600 µm). Ambient temperature is varied from 298 to 973 K, at atmospheric pressure. The “quasi-steady” theory has been used to compare and to explain all experimental results. The results show that the d2 law is obeyed and an average vaporization rate is achieved in the case of 1-propanol vaporization. On the other hand, the real impact of the water concentration on the vaporization rate of an ethanol droplet in a large range of temperature is also examined, where two “quasi-steady” periods are observed on the d2 curves, clearly showing that the vaporization of an ethanol droplet is accompanied by the simultaneous condensation of water vapor on the droplet surface and thus the temporal evolution of the droplet squared diameter exhibits an unsteady behavior. The histories of the instantaneous vaporization rates calculated from the d2(t) curves of both 1-propanol and ethanol droplets confirm this phenomenon.
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Journal articles
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 21, 2018 - 8:54:34 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 19, 2019 - 6:28:02 PM

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Sanisah Binti Saharin, Benoite Lefort, C. Morin, Christian Chauveau, Luis Le Moyne, et al.. VAPORIZATION CHARACTERISTICS OF ETHANOL AND 1-PROPANOL DROPLETS AT HIGH TEMPERATURES. Atomization and Sprays, Begell House Inc., 2012, 22 (3), pp.207 - 226. ⟨10.1615/AtomizSpr.2012005061⟩. ⟨hal-01858555⟩

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