Experimental investigation of impact on composite laminates with protective layers

Abstract : This paper presents an experimental study of low energy impacts on composite plates covered with a protective layer. In service, composite materials are subjected to low energy impacts. Such impacts can generate damage in the material that results in significant reduction in material strength. In order to reduce the damage severity, one solution is to add a mechanical protection on composite structures. The protection layer is made up of a low density energy absorbent material (hollow spheres) of a certain thickness and a thin layer of composite laminate (Kevlar). Energy absorption ability of these protective layers can be deduced from the load/displacement impact curves. First, two configurations of protection are tested on an aluminium plate in order to identify their performance against impact, then the same are tested on composite plates. Test results from force–displacement curves and C-scan control are compared and discussed and finally a comparison of impact on composite plates with and without protection is made for different configurations.
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Pierre Rahmé, Christophe Bouvet, Samuel Rivallant, Valia Fascio, Guy Valembois. Experimental investigation of impact on composite laminates with protective layers. Composites Science and Technology, Elsevier, 2012, 72 (2), pp.182-189. ⟨10.1016/j.compscitech.2011.10.015⟩. ⟨hal-01853073⟩

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