Low velocity impact modelling in laminate composite panels with discrete interface elements

Abstract : A model enabling the detection of damages developing during a low velocity/low energy impact test on laminate composite panels has been elaborated. The ply model is composed of interface type elements to describe matrix cracks and volumic finite elements. This mesh device allows to respect the material orthotropy of the ply and accounts for the discontinuity experimentally observed. Afterwards delaminations are described with interfaces similar to the ones observed with matrix cracks and the coupling between these two damages are established. In the first step, simple stress criteria are used to drive these interface type elements in order to assess the relevance of model principle. Nevertheless, the well known problem of mesh sensitivity of these criteria prevents the use of this model for now as a predictive tool but rather as a qualitative tool. An experimental validation is carried out thanks to impact experimental tests performed by Aboissiere (2003) and a very good match has been found. However, this model could predictivelly be used and would allow to foresee an original method to detect delaminations during an experimental test. This modelling has been successfully tested experimentally and compared to a C-Scan ultrasonic investigation.
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Christophe Bouvet, Bruno Castanié, Matthieu Bizeul, Jean-Jacques Barrau. Low velocity impact modelling in laminate composite panels with discrete interface elements. International Journal of Solids and Structures, Elsevier, 2009, 46 (14-15), pp.2809-2821. ⟨10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2009.03.010⟩. ⟨hal-01851855⟩

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