An Approach to the Study of Gene Expression in Hepatocarcinogenesis Initiation

Abstract : In carcinogenesis, determination of gene and protein expression profiles is important for prevention and treatment. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) in a single dose administered before carcinogenic initiation induced by diethyl-nitrosamine (DEN) prevents the appearance of preneoplastic lesions. On the basis of this approach, the main purpose of this work was to compare the gene expression profiles induced by DEN or a previously administered single dose of CAPE. Using a modified hepatocarcinogenesis-resistant hepatocyte model, male Fischer-344 rats were administered with one intraperitoneal dose of CAPE (20 mg/kg) 12 hours before DEN administration (200 mg/kg). Livers were removed and processed for microarray analysis and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction 12 hours after CAPE dosing and 24 hours after DEN administration with or without CAPE. CAPE alone did not alter the expression profile. DEN treatment modified the expression of 665 genes, and CAPE plus DEN induced changes in 1371 genes. DEN treatment increased the expression of genes associated with oxidative stress such as glutathione reductase, genes involved in cell cycle regulation including p53, and modified cytochrome P450. CAPE plus DEN diminished the expression of cytochrome involved in DEN bioactivation such as CYP2B1 as well as the expression of regulators of oxidative stress such as glutathione reductase, GST-κ and GST-θ, and cell cycle regulators such as p53. Using CAPE as a tool, we uncovered new approaches for studying the altered expression of reactive genes and identifying proteins that will help to propose well-sustained and concrete hypothesis of DEN mechanism of hepato-carcinogenesis initiation.
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Beltràn-Ramírez Olga, Serguei Sokol, Véronique Le Berre, Jean François, Saul Villa-Trevino. An Approach to the Study of Gene Expression in Hepatocarcinogenesis Initiation. Translational Oncology, Elsevier, 2010, 3 (2), pp.142-148. ⟨10.1593/tlo.09298⟩. ⟨hal-01849406⟩

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