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Ion Sieving Effects in Chemically Tuned Pillared Graphene Materials for Electrochemical Capacitors

Abstract : Supercapacitors offer high power densities but require further improvements in energy densities for widespread commercial applications. In addition to the conventional strategy of using large surface area materials to enhance energy storage, recently, matching electrolyte ion sizes to material pore sizes has been shown to be particularly effective. However, synthesis and characterization of materials with precise pore sizes remain challenging. Herein, we propose to evaluate the layered structures in graphene derivatives as being analogous to pores and study the possibility of ion sieving. A class of pillared graphene based materials with suitable interlayer separation were synthesized, readily characterized by X-ray diffraction, and tested in various electrolytes. Electrochemical results show that the interlayer galleries could indeed sieve electrolyte ions based on size constrictions: ions with naked sizes that are smaller than the interlayer separation access the galleries, whereas the larger ions are restricted. These first observations of ion sieving in pillared graphene-based materials enable efficient charge storage through optimization of the d-spacing/ion size couple.
Keywords : X-ray Supercapacitors
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Harish Banda, Barbara Daffos, Sandy Périé, Yves Chenavier, Lionel Dubois, et al.. Ion Sieving Effects in Chemically Tuned Pillared Graphene Materials for Electrochemical Capacitors. Chemistry of Materials, American Chemical Society, 2018, 30 (9), pp.3040-3047. ⟨10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b00759⟩. ⟨hal-01848461⟩

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