Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Immunity to Device Variations in a Spiking Neural Network With Memristive Nanodevices

Abstract : —Memristive nanodevices can feature a compact multi-level non-volatile memory function, but are prone to device variability. We propose a novel neural network-based computing paradigm, which exploits their specific physics, and which has virtual immunity to their variability. Memristive devices are used as synapses in a spiking neural network performing unsupervised learning. They learn using a simplified and customized " spike timing dependent plasticity " rule. In the network, neurons' threshold is adjusted following a homeostasis-type rule. We perform system level simulations with an experimentally verified-model of the memristive devices' behavior. They show, on the textbook case of character recognition, that performance can compare with traditional supervised networks of similar complexity. They also show that the system can retain functionality with extreme variations of various memristive devices' parameters (a relative standard dispersion of more than 50% is tolerated on all device parameters), thanks to the robustness of the scheme, its unsupervised nature, and the capability of homeostasis. Additionally the network can adjust to stimuli presented with different coding schemes, is particularly robust to read disturb effects and does not require unrealistic control on the devices' conductance. These results open the way for a novel design approach for ultra-adaptive electronic systems.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [48 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01826840
Contributor : Damien Querlioz <>
Submitted on : Friday, June 29, 2018 - 8:16:03 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 5, 2020 - 9:14:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 27, 2018 - 10:04:17 AM

File

PID2676661.pdf
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Collections

CNRS | CEA | DRT | LIST

Citation

Damien Querlioz, Olivier Bichler, Philippe Dollfus, Christian Gamrat. Immunity to Device Variations in a Spiking Neural Network With Memristive Nanodevices. IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013, 12 (3), pp.288 - 295. ⟨10.1109/TNANO.2013.2250995⟩. ⟨hal-01826840⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

206

Files downloads

1374