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Les journaux d'institution d'éducation surveillée: la libre voix des jeunes "inadaptés" ? Une étude des journaux ESPERE de l'IPES Saint-Maurice 1945-1960

Abstract :

After the Second World War, the supervised education has been deeply transformed in France. The 2 February 1945 ruling establishes the principle of education for the young delinquents. The creation of a supervised education department in the ministry of justice must allow the application of new practices for the rehabilitation of “maladjusted” children, at the crossroads of medicine, education and justice.

In 1945, the French state only has a few public institutions capable of taking charge of the minors convicted by Justice. The private sector dominates. But institutions progressively reform themselves under the action of the approved school department. The institutions introduce leisure, offer vocational education, place young workers in the center of the rehabilitation of young delinquents. The approved school gives itself structure and professionalizes itself. But above all, the pedagogy is now part of rehabilitation policies of the institutions. Young delinquent have the opportunity from now on to express themselves through artistic and sports activities or by free writing. Sometimes the free writing, teaching approach borrowed from Celestin Freinet, takes the form of an official magazine.

The magazine, written by young delinquent, tells about their life within the institution. Not only articles about work, sport, leisure, outings can be found inside but also rivalries and crises. The magazine Espère from the IPES Saint-Maurice is published monthly by young people from 1945 to 1970. It is the most important magazine of the supervised education institutions. This dissertation attempts to understand the daily young delinquent’s daily life in Saint-Maurice institution but mainly to know if the magazine is really the free expression from of young delinquent speech. So, the institution magazines are a new source which allows to know in a better way the life of“maladjusted” children and the reality of supervised education after the Second World war.

Document type :
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Contributor : Okina Université d'Angers <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 27, 2018 - 11:48:18 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 27, 2020 - 2:58:04 PM




  • HAL Id : hal-01824484, version 1
  • OKINA : ua17170


Valentin Taveau, Eric Pierre, David Niget. Les journaux d'institution d'éducation surveillée: la libre voix des jeunes "inadaptés" ? Une étude des journaux ESPERE de l'IPES Saint-Maurice 1945-1960. [Travaux universitaires] Université d'Angers. 2015, pp.151. ⟨hal-01824484⟩



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