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A unified analysis of elliptic problems with various boundary conditions and their approximation

Abstract : We design an abstract setting for the approximation in Banach spaces of operators acting in duality. A typical example are the gradient and divergence operators in Lebesgue–Sobolev spaces on a bounded domain. We apply this abstract setting to the numerical approximation of Leray-Lions type problems, which include in particular linear diffusion. The main interest of the abstract setting is to provide a unified convergence analysis that simultaneously covers (i) all usual boundary conditions, (ii) several approximation methods. The considered approximations can be conforming (that is, the approximation functions can belong to the energy space relative to the problem) or not, and include classical as well as recent numerical schemes. Convergence results, a priori and a posteriori error estimates are given. We finally briefly show how the abstract setting can also be applied to some models such as flows in fractured medium, elasticity equations and diffusion equations on manifolds. A by-product of the analysis is a result on the equivalence between general Poincaré inequalities and the surjectivity of the divergence operator in appropriate spaces.
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Contributor : Robert Eymard <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 6, 2019 - 9:24:23 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, March 28, 2021 - 3:20:44 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01823265, version 3
  • ARXIV : 1806.10482


Jérôme Droniou, Robert Eymard, Thierry Gallouët, Raphaèle Herbin. A unified analysis of elliptic problems with various boundary conditions and their approximation. Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal, Akademie věd České republiky, Matematický ústav, 2020, 70, pp.339-368. ⟨hal-01823265v3⟩



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