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Fictions rationalistes et fictions empiristes en économie

Abstract : The article shows how the general equilibrium theory has been build, since Walras, by inheriting Galileo’s and Descartes’s fictions of science, which Hobbes followed by the Physiocrats applied to the social world. The walrasian competitive market is a fiction similar to Galileo’s frictionless machine or to Descartes’s "fable" of the world. Those rationalist fictions can be criticized non from observation but through the empiricist fictions of the Enlightenment.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 22, 2018 - 2:52:48 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 10:12:30 AM

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Marion Chottin, Claire Pignol. Fictions rationalistes et fictions empiristes en économie. Revue d'histoire de la pensée économique, Classiques Garnier, 2018, 2018 – 1 (n° 5), pp.99-137. ⟨10.15122/isbn.978-2-406-08068-8.p.0099⟩. ⟨hal-01821477⟩

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