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Subradiance and radiation trapping in cold atoms

Abstract : We experimentally and numerically study the temporal dynamics of light scattered by large clouds of cold atoms after the exciting laser is switched off, in the low intensity (linear-optics) regime. Radiation trapping due to multiple scattering as well as subradiance lead to decay much slower than the single atom fluorescence decay. These two effects have already been observed separately, but the interplay between them remained to be understood. Here, we show that with well chosen parameters of the driving field, the two effects can occur at the same time, but follow different scaling behaviors. The subradiant decay is observed at late time and its rate is independent of the detuning, while the radiation trapping decay is observed at intermediate time and depends on the detuning through the optical depth of the sample. Numerical simulations based on random walk process and coupled-dipole equations support our interpretations. Our study clarifies the different interpretations and physical mechanisms at the origin of slow temporal dynamics of light in cold atoms.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01819862
Contributor : William Guerin <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 2, 2018 - 4:22:02 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 12, 2020 - 10:28:55 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, October 1, 2018 - 1:38:11 AM

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Patrizia Weiss, Michelle Araújo, Robin Kaiser, William Guerin. Subradiance and radiation trapping in cold atoms. New Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals, 2018, 20 (6), pp.063024. ⟨10.1088/1367-2630/aac5d0⟩. ⟨hal-01819862⟩

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