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Numerical and in vitro experimental study of arterial deformation and buckling under hypertension and atherosclerotic conditions

Abstract : Cardiovascular diseases remain the major cause of mortality worldwide. Pathologies of the vasculature such as atherosclerosis are often related to biochemical and genetic factors as well as mechanical effects that strongly change the function and shape of arteries. The present work is part of a general research project which aims to better understand the mechanical mechanisms responsible for atherosclerotic plaque formation and rupture. The chosen approach is to use numerical fluidstructure interaction (FSI) methods to study the relative influence of hemodynamic parameters on the structural stresses generated on plaques. To this aim, a numerical study of a simplified straight vessel exposed to lumen pressure was investigated under quiescent and steady flow conditions. As the internal pressure or the steady velocity increases, the vessel buckles lead-ing to a non-linear large deformation behaviour. The results have been validated using theoretical predictions for the buckling thresholds. Further studies on idealised cardiovascular conditions such as stenosis (i.e., lumen constriction) or aneurysm like (i.e., arterial wall expansion) formation have also been performed.
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  • HAL Id : hal-01814197, version 1
  • OATAO : 19859

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Pauline Assemat, Gwenael Hannema, Josie Carberry, Danielle Mitchell, Karen Andrews, et al.. Numerical and in vitro experimental study of arterial deformation and buckling under hypertension and atherosclerotic conditions. 18th Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference Launceston, Australia, Dec 2012, Launceston, Australia. pp.0. ⟨hal-01814197⟩

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