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Competition between covalent and non-covalent grafting of fluorescein isothiocyanate on double-walled carbon nanotubes: a quantitative approach

Abstract : The functionalization of carbon nanotubes with fluorescent molecules is a standard procedure in many toxicity studies aiming at knowing their distribution within cells or whole organisms. Nevertheless, there is a lack of knowledge concerning the efficiency of the grafting processes, and more specifically concerning the question of the competition between covalent and non-covalent grafting. In this work, we investigated the grafting process of the fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) onto double-walled carbon nanotubes (DWNTs) using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy and computational simulations.We demonstrated that both covalent and non-covalent grafting occurred during the functionalization with the FITC. Moreover, we showed that a significant fraction of the fluorophore remained simply adsorbed onto the DWNTs despite thorough washing steps, which raises concerning questions about the use of this fluorophore in some toxicity studies and its possible ability to mislead their conclusions.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01813417
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 12, 2018 - 1:04:17 PM
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Thomas Lorne, Mónica Jiménez-Ruiz, Stéphane Rols, Jean-Marc Escudier, Juan Rubio-Zuazo, et al.. Competition between covalent and non-covalent grafting of fluorescein isothiocyanate on double-walled carbon nanotubes: a quantitative approach. Carbon, Elsevier, 2017, 123, pp.735-743. ⟨10.1016/j.carbon.2017.07.070⟩. ⟨hal-01813417⟩

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