Fluid-structure interaction of a pulsatile flow with an aortic valve model: A combined experimental and numerical study

Abstract : The complex fluid-structure interaction problem associated with the flow of blood through a heart valve with flexible leaflets is investigated both experimentally and numerically. In the experimental test rig, a pulse duplicator generates a pulsatile flow through a biomimetic rigid aortic root where a model of aortic valve with polymer flexible leaflets is implanted. High-speed recordings of the leaflets motion and Particle Image Velocimetry measurements were performed together to investigate the valve kinematics and the dynamics of the flow. Numerical simulations of the same configuration, based on a variant of the immersed boundary method, are also presented. A massively parallel unstructured finite-volume flow solver is coupled with a finite-element solid mechanics solver to predict the fluid-structure interaction between the unsteady flow and the valve. Detailed analysis of the dynamics of opening and closure of the valve are carried out, showing a good quantitative agreement between the experiment and the simulation regarding the global behavior, and some small differences regarding the individual dynamics of the valve leaflets. A multi-cycle analysis (over more than 20 cycles) enables to characterize the generation of turbulence downstream of the valve, showing similar flow features between the experiment and the simulation. The flow transitions to turbulence after peak systole, when the flow starts to decelerate. Fluctuations are observed in the wake of the valve, with maximum amplitude observed at the commissure side of the aorta. Overall, a very promising experiment-vs-simulation comparison is shown, demonstrating the potential of the numerical method.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 19, 2018 - 3:27:50 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 28, 2019 - 1:54:04 PM
Long-term archiving on : Sunday, January 20, 2019 - 2:51:35 PM

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Julien Sigüenza, Desiree Pott, Simon Mendez, Simon Sonntag, Tim A.S. Kaufmann, et al.. Fluid-structure interaction of a pulsatile flow with an aortic valve model: A combined experimental and numerical study. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering, John Wiley and Sons, 2018, 34 (4), pp.e2945. ⟨10.1002/cnm.2945⟩. ⟨hal-01812864⟩

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