Anatomy of the massive star-forming region S106: The OI 63 micron line observed with GREAT/SOFIA as a versatile diagnostic tool for the evolution of massive stars

Abstract : The central area (40"x40") of the bipolar nebula S106 was mapped in the OI line at 63.2 micron with high angular (6") and spectral resolution, using GREAT on board SOFIA. The OI emission distribution is compared to the CO 16-15, CII 158 micron, and CO 11-10 lines, mm-molecular lines, and continuum. It is composed of several velocity components in the range from -30 km/s to 25 km/s. The high-velocity blue- and redshifted emission can be explained as arising from accelerated photodissociated (PDR) gas associated with a dark lane close to the massive binary system S106 IR, and from shocks caused by the stellar wind and/or a disk--envelope interaction. At velocities from -9 to -4 km/s and 0.5 to 8 km/s line wings are observed that we attribute to cooling in PDRs created by the ionizing radiation impinging on the cavity walls. The bulk velocity range is dominated by PDR emission from the clumpy molecular cloud. Modelling the emission in the different velocity ranges with the KOSMA-tau code constrains a radiation field chi of a few times 10^4 and densities n of a few times 10^4 cm^-3. Considering self-absorption of the OI line results in higher densities (up to 10^6 cm^-3) only for the gas component seen at high blue- and red velocities. The dark lane has a mass of 275 Msun and shows a velocity difference of 1.4 km/s along its projected length of 1 pc, determined from H13CO+ 1-0 mapping. It can be interpreted as a massive accretion flow, or the remains of it, linked to S106 IR/FIR. The most likely explanation is that the binary system is at a stage of its evolution where gas accretion is counteracted by the stellar winds and radiation, leading to the very complex observed spatial and kinematic emission distribution of the various tracers.
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Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2018, Asronomy&Astrophysics, accepted 22.5.2018
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01807753
Contributeur : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Soumis le : mardi 5 juin 2018 - 10:25:41
Dernière modification le : jeudi 7 juin 2018 - 01:15:17

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N. Schneider, M. Roellig, R. Simon, H. Wiesemeyer, A. Gusdorf, et al.. Anatomy of the massive star-forming region S106: The OI 63 micron line observed with GREAT/SOFIA as a versatile diagnostic tool for the evolution of massive stars. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2018, Asronomy&Astrophysics, accepted 22.5.2018. 〈hal-01807753〉

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