Efficiency of plasma elaborated sub-stoichiometric titanium oxide (Ti4O7) ceramic electrode for advanced electrochemical degradation of paracetamol in different electrolyte media

Abstract : This paper investigates the behavior of conductive Ti4O7 ceramic anode in different electrolytes during the degradation of the anti-inflammatory drug paracetamol (PCM) by advanced electrochemical oxidation processes mainly anodic oxidation with generation of H2O2 (AO-H2O2) and electro-Fenton (EF). Regardless of the medium, better degradation and mineralization efficiency was always observed with EF compared to AO-H2O2. The degradation of PCM was carried out by hydroxyl radical (OH) produced on the anode surface from water oxidation and mediated oxidation in the solution from oxidant species generated at the anode such as sulfate radicals and active chlorine species depending on the supporting electrolytes used, as well as OH generated homogeneously in the solution by electrochemically assisted Fenton’s reaction. Faster degradation was observed in Cl− compared to other media, but the solution was poorly mineralized. Highest total organic (TOC) removal efficiency with excellent degradation rate was attained in SO42− with either process, thus remain the best medium for advanced electrochemical wastewater treatment. Comparative studies with dimensional stable anode (DSA) and boron-doped diamond anode (BDD) showed similar trend of degradation and TOC removal efficiency with DSA anode achieving low mineralization power compared to Ti4O7 anode, whereas BDD showed slightly better efficiency than Ti4O7 in all electrolytes studied. The analysis of concentration of generated active chlorine species, especially ClO−, during AO-H2O2 decreased in the order: DSA > Ti4O7 > BDD. Therefore, the Ti4O7 electrode was found to be a promising anode material for an efficient treatment of PCM in SO42−, NO3− and ClO4− media but less effective in Cl− medium.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 17, 2018 - 9:40:23 AM
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S.O. Ganiyu, Nihal Oturan, Stéphane Raffy, Marc Cretin, Christel Causserand, et al.. Efficiency of plasma elaborated sub-stoichiometric titanium oxide (Ti4O7) ceramic electrode for advanced electrochemical degradation of paracetamol in different electrolyte media. Separation and Purification Technology, Elsevier, 2019, 208, pp.142-152. ⟨10.1016/j.seppur.2018.03.076⟩. ⟨hal-01805037⟩

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