Lead sorption by biochar produced from digestates: Consequences of chemical modification and washing

Abstract : The main objectives of this work are to investigate the consequences of different chemical treatments (i.e. potassium hydroxide (KOH) and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)) and the effect of biochar washing on the Pb sorption capacity. Biochars derived from sewage sludge digestate and the organic fraction of municipal solid waste digestate were separately modified with 2 M KOH or 10% H2O2 followed by semi-continuous or continuous washing with ultrapure water using batch or a column reactor, respectively. The results showed that the Pb adsorption capacity could be enhanced by chemical treatment of sludge-based biochar. Indeed, for municipal solid waste biochar, the Pb maximum sorption capacity was improved from 73 mg g−1 for unmodified biochar to 90 mg g−1 and 106 mg g−1 after H2O2 and KOH treatment, respectively. In the case of sewage sludge biochar, it increased from 6.5 mg g−1 (unmodified biochar) to 25 mg g−1 for H2O2 treatment. The sorption capacity was not determined after KOH treatment, since the Langmuir model did not fit the experimental data. The study also highlights that insufficient washing after KOH treatment can strongly hinder Pb sorption due to the release of organic matter from the modified biochar. This organic matter may interact in solution with Pb, resulting in an inhibition of its sorption onto the biochar surface. Continuous column-washing of modified biochars was able to correct this issue, highlighting the importance of implementing a proper treated biochar washing procedure.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 30, 2018 - 6:29:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 5:09:46 PM

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Suchanya Wongrod, Stéphane Simon, Gilles Guibaud, Piet N.L. Lens, Yoan Pechaud, et al.. Lead sorption by biochar produced from digestates: Consequences of chemical modification and washing. Journal of Environmental Management, Elsevier, 2018, 219, pp.277 - 284. 〈10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.04.108〉. 〈hal-01803748〉

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