The ALMA-PILS survey: Complex nitriles towards IRAS 16293--2422

Abstract : Complex organic molecules are readily detected in the inner regions of the gaseous envelopes of forming protostars. In particular, molecules that contain nitrogen are interesting due to the role nitrogen plays in the development of life and the compact scales such molecules have been found to trace around forming protostars. The goal of this work is to determine the inventory of one family of nitrogen-bearing organic molecules, complex nitriles (molecules with a $-$CN functional group) towards two hot corino sources in the low-mass protostellar binary IRAS 16293$-$2422. This work explores the abundance differences between the two sources, the isotopic ratios, and the spatial extent derived from molecules containing the nitrile functional group. Using data from the Protostellar Interferometric Line Survey (PILS) obtained with ALMA we determine abundances and excitation temperatures for the detected nitriles. We also present a new method for determining the spatial structure of sources with high line density and large velocity gradients $-$ Velocity-corrected INtegrated emission (VINE) maps. We detect methyl cyanide (CH$_3$CN) as well as 5 of its isotopologues, including the detection of CHD$_2$CN which is the first detection in the ISM. We also detect ethyl cyanide (C$_2$H$_5$CN), vinyl cyanide (C$_2$H$_3$CN), and cyanoacetylene (HC$_3$N). We find that abundances are similar between IRAS 16293A and IRAS 16293B on small scales except for vinyl cyanide which is only detected towards the latter source. This suggests an important difference between the sources either in their evolutionary stage or warm-up timescales. We also detect a spatially double-peaked emission for the first time in molecular emission in the A source, suggesting that this source is showing structure related to a rotating toroid of material.
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Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2018, 616, pp.id.A90
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01797146
Contributeur : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Soumis le : mardi 22 mai 2018 - 13:21:09
Dernière modification le : mercredi 19 septembre 2018 - 01:24:19

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H. Calcutt, J. K. Jørgensen, H. S. P. Müller, L. E. Kristensen, Audrey Coutens, et al.. The ALMA-PILS survey: Complex nitriles towards IRAS 16293--2422. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2018, 616, pp.id.A90. 〈hal-01797146〉

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