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Beyond Positivity Bounds and the Fate of Massive Gravity

Abstract : We constrain effective field theories by going beyond the familiar positivity bounds that follow from unitarity, analyticity, and crossing symmetry of the scattering amplitudes. As interesting examples , we discuss the implications of the bounds for the Galileon and ghost-free massive gravity. The combination of our theoretical bounds with the experimental constraints on the graviton mass implies that the latter is either ruled out or unable to describe gravitational phenomena, let alone to consistently implement the Vainshtein mechanism, down to the relevant scales of fifth-force experiments , where general relativity has been successfully tested. We also show that the Galileon theory must contain symmetry-breaking terms that are at most one-loop suppressed compared to the symmetry-preserving ones. We comment as well on other interesting applications of our bounds.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 16, 2018 - 12:45:58 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 14, 2021 - 12:12:17 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 25, 2018 - 12:35:18 PM

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Brando Bellazzini, Francesco Riva, Javi Serra, Francesco Sgarlata. Beyond Positivity Bounds and the Fate of Massive Gravity. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2018, 120, pp.161101. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.161101⟩. ⟨hal-01793209⟩

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