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A Priest at the Front. Jozef Tiso Changing Social Identities in the First World War

Abstract : This paper investigates the Great War experience and social identities of the young Catholic priest from Austria-Hungary, Dr. Jozef Tiso. Born in 1887, Tiso became President of the Nazi-Germany-allied Slovakia in 1939-1945, and was executed by the Czechoslovak justice in 1947. This study mainly uses (and compares) Tiso’s diary, written during his service in the Habsburg army at the Austro-Russian front in 1914, and his 1946 affidavit to the Czechoslovak investigators. Exploring his many-folder identity, we challenge the two dominant views that, before 1918, Tiso felt himself either a Slovak nationalist or a Magyar nationalist. We conclude that the social identity of Jozef Tiso in WWI consisted of two main categories : Catholic priest and Austro-Hungarian patriot. These categories coexisted and intertwined with those of Slovak sympathizer and Hungarian citizen.
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Submitted on : Saturday, April 27, 2019 - 1:41:57 PM
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Aliaksandr Piahanau. A Priest at the Front. Jozef Tiso Changing Social Identities in the First World War. Revue des études slaves, Institut d’études slaves et EUR’ORBEM, 2017, 1914, l’Autriche-Hongrie entre en guerre. Récits de soldats et de civils, 88 (4), pp.721-741. ⟨10.4000/res.1324⟩. ⟨hal-01792245⟩

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