Regularity of solutions of the Stein equation and rates in the multivariate central limit theorem

Abstract : Consider the multivariate Stein equation $\Delta f - x\cdot \nabla f = h(x) - E h(Z)$, where $Z$ is a standard $d$-dimensional Gaussian random vector, and let $f_h$ be the solution given by Barbour's generator approach. We prove that, when $h$ is $\alpha$-H\"older ($0<\alpha\leq1$), all derivatives of order $2$ of $f_h$ are $\alpha$-H\"older {\it up to a $\log$ factor}; in particular they are $\beta$-H\"older for all $\beta \in (0, \alpha)$, hereby improving existing regularity results on the solution of the multivariate Gaussian Stein equation. For $\alpha=1$, the regularity we obtain is optimal, as shown by an example given by Rai\v{c} \cite{raivc2004multivariate}. As an application, we prove a near-optimal Berry-Esseen bound of the order $\log n/\sqrt n$ in the classical multivariate CLT in $1$-Wasserstein distance, as long as the underlying random variables have finite moment of order $3$. When only a finite moment of order $2+\delta$ is assumed ($0<\delta<1$), we obtain the optimal rate in $\mathcal O(n^{-\frac{\delta}{2}})$. All constants are explicit and their dependence on the dimension $d$ is studied when $d$ is large.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 4, 2018 - 1:02:43 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-01785397, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1805.01720

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Thomas Gallouët, Guillaume Mijoule, Yvik Swan. Regularity of solutions of the Stein equation and rates in the multivariate central limit theorem. 2018. ⟨hal-01785397⟩

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