How to make translation students aware of the insufficiency of grammatically correct translations thanks to corpus data

Abstract : The use of electronic corpora in education has now become very common, for language teaching, mother tongue or foreign language (data-driven learning, Johns 1990), but also for the teaching of translation (e.g. Beeby et al. 2009, Bowker & Pearson 2002, Kübler 2008/2011a/b, Loock 2016, Zanettin 2012, Zanettin et al. 2003). This presentation aims to explain the corpus-based methodology used with advanced translation students (master’s level) in an English-French comparative grammar class in order to help them provide translations that do not only respect grammatical rules but that also take into account grammatical usage, something they generally find difficult to achieve. Our 3-step approach is to be laid out: 1. Use of quantitative data from a comparable corpus of original English and original French data for a specific linguistic feature; 2. Use of qualitative data from a parallel corpus of English texts translated into French by professional translators so that students can observe how they deal with the translation of sentences containing the linguistic feature; 3. Use of the knowledge acquired from observations in steps 1-2 to translate a new batch of sentences with the linguistic feature. The aim of step 1 is to make students aware of the existence of usage differences between the two languages in spite of grammatical equivalence (e.g. passive voice, existential constructions, which exist in the two languages with similar discourse functions), leading generally to a significant difference in frequency of use. The aim of step 2 is to help students find solutions to translate such linguistic features in a non-literal way, that is by resorting to another grammatical construction although a literal translation would have been perfectly grammatical. Step 3 consists in one or two translation exercises where students need to translate sentences by using the information collected from both the observation of the comparable corpus and of the parallel corpus. The general aim is to help students write natural-sounding, idiomatic translated texts as well as having them use both “manufactured” and “do-it-yourself” (DIY) corpora (Bernardini & Ferraresi 2013). Our presentation will provide concrete examples of linguistic phenomena that require such an approach for English-French translators (translationese-prone phenomena due to a difference in usage between the two languages), as well as feedback from the students.
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Communication dans un congrès
13th biennial Teaching and Language Corpora (TaLC) Conference , Jul 2018, Cambridge, United Kingdom
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01772281
Contributeur : Rudy Loock <>
Soumis le : vendredi 20 avril 2018 - 11:24:17
Dernière modification le : mardi 3 juillet 2018 - 11:37:00

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Rudy Loock. How to make translation students aware of the insufficiency of grammatically correct translations thanks to corpus data. 13th biennial Teaching and Language Corpora (TaLC) Conference , Jul 2018, Cambridge, United Kingdom. 〈hal-01772281〉

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