Deciphering Multifactorial Resistance Phenotypes in Acinetobacter baumannii by Genomics and Targeted Label-free Proteomics

Abstract : Resistance to β-lactams in Acinetobacter baumannii involves various mechanisms. To decipher them, whole genome sequencing (WGS) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) were complemented by mass spectrometry (MS) in selected reaction monitoring mode (SRM) in 39 clinical isolates. The targeted label-free proteomic approach enabled, in one hour and using a single method, the quantitative detection of 16 proteins associated with antibiotic resistance: eight acquired β-lactamases (i.e. GES, NDM-1, OXA-23, OXA-24, OXA-58, PER, TEM-1, and VEB), two resident β-lactamases (i.e. ADC and OXA-51-like) and six components of the two major efflux systems (i.e. AdeABC and AdeIJK). Results were normalized using "bacterial quantotypic peptides," i.e. peptide markers of the bacterial quantity, to obtain precise protein quantitation (on average 8.93% coefficient of variation for three biological replicates). This allowed to correlate the levels of resistance to β-lactam with those of the production of acquired as well as resident β-lactamases or of efflux systems. SRM detected enhanced ADC or OXA-51-like production and absence or increased efflux pump production. Precise protein quantitation was particularly valuable to detect resistance mechanisms mediated by regulated genes or by overexpression of chromosomal genes. Combination of WGS and MS, two orthogonal and complementary techniques, allows thereby interpretation of the resistance phenotypes at the molecular level.
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Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2018, 17 (3), pp.442 - 456. 〈10.1074/mcp.RA117.000107〉
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Contributeur : Agnès Bussy <>
Soumis le : lundi 16 avril 2018 - 15:01:31
Dernière modification le : mardi 3 juillet 2018 - 09:38:03

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Tiphaine Cecchini, Eun-Jeong Yoon, Yannick Charretier, Chloé Bardet, Corinne Beaulieu, et al.. Deciphering Multifactorial Resistance Phenotypes in Acinetobacter baumannii by Genomics and Targeted Label-free Proteomics. Molecular and Cellular Proteomics, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2018, 17 (3), pp.442 - 456. 〈10.1074/mcp.RA117.000107〉. 〈hal-01767739〉

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