Análisis del Discurso Socialista Latinoamericano Basado en Inteligencia Artificial

Abstract : The contemporary history of Latin America was characterized by the emergence, and the action, of different left-wing political movements. In particular, during these last years, an important political wave, called "New Left" or "Socialism of the 21th Century", has shaken Latin America. One of the most characteristic elements of the so-called "New Left" is the strong seduction, and the important mass movement, generated by their respective leaders, and their speeches. Indeed, as the French linguist Patrick Charaudeau explains, in a democratic context, speeches are the main weapons that a politician can use, to conquer and maintain power. In other words, in order to understand these movements, it is necessary to analyze the speeches of their main leaders. However, since an exhaustive analysis of all the discourses of a politician would take too much time, most existing works are based solely on the study of a few speeches. Unfortunately, this approach may provide a biased observation of the discursive strategies, developed by a politician. In order to avoid such a problem, this work is based on a large corpora, and relies on recent advances in Artificial Intelligence and Data Mining, in order to analyze the political discourse of major socialist Latin American leaders of the 20th and the 21th century such as: Fidel Castro, Ernesto Che Guevara, Hugo Chávez, Nicolás Maduro, Evo Morales, Rafael Correa and the Subcomandante Marcos.
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  • HAL Id : hal-01766739, version 1

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Patricia Zapata, Sergio Peignier. Análisis del Discurso Socialista Latinoamericano Basado en Inteligencia Artificial. Instituto Internacional de Integración Convenio Andrés Bello, 2017, 978-99974-74-06-3. ⟨hal-01766739⟩

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