Regularized reconstruction of absorbing and phase objects from a single in-line hologram, application to fluid mechanics and micro-biology

Abstract : Reconstruction of phase objects is a central problem in digital holography, whose various applications include microscopy, biomedical imaging, and fluid mechanics. Starting from a single in-line hologram, there is no direct way to recover the phase of the diffracted wave in the hologram plane. The reconstruction of absorbing and phase objects therefore requires the inversion of the non-linear hologram formation model. We propose a regularized reconstruction method that includes several physically-grounded constraints such as bounds on transmittance values, maximum/minimum phase, spatial smoothness or the absence of any object in parts of the field of view. To solve the non-convex and non-smooth optimization problem induced by our modeling, a variable splitting strategy is applied and the closed-form solution of the sub-problem (the so-called proximal operator) is derived. The resulting algorithm is efficient and is shown to lead to quantitative phase estimation on reconstructions of accurate simulations of in-line holograms based on the Mie theory. As our approach is adaptable to several in-line digital holography configurations, we present and discuss the promising results of reconstructions from experimental in-line holograms obtained in two different applications: the tracking of an evaporating droplet (size ∼ 100µm) and the microscopic imaging of bacteria (size ∼ 1µm).
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Submitted on : Friday, April 13, 2018 - 10:15:24 AM
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Frédéric Jolivet, Fabien Momey, Loïc Denis, Loïc Méès, Nicolas Faure, et al.. Regularized reconstruction of absorbing and phase objects from a single in-line hologram, application to fluid mechanics and micro-biology. Optics Express, Optical Society of America, 2018, 26 (7), ⟨10.1364/OE.26.008923⟩. ⟨hal-01765812⟩

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