Shear Rheology Control of Wrinkles and Patterns in Graphene Oxide Films

Abstract : Drying graphene oxide (GO) films are subject to extensive wrinkling, which largely affects their final properties. Wrinkles were shown to be suitable in biotechno logical applications; however, they negatively affect the electronic properties of the films. Here, we report on wrinkle tuning and patterning of GO films under stress controlled conditions during drying. GO flakes assemble at an air−solvent interface; the assembly forms a skin at the surface and may bend due to volume shrinkage while drying. We applied a modification of evaporative lithography to spatially define the evaporative stress field. Wrinkle alignment is achieved over cm 2 areas. The wavelength (i.e., wrinkle spacing) is controlled in the μm range by the film thickness and GO concentration. Furthermore, we propose the use of nanoparticles to control capillary forces to suppress wrinkling. An example of a controlled pattern is given to elucidate the potential of the technique. The results are discussed in terms of classical elasticity theory. Wrinkling is the result of bending of the wet solid skin layer assembled on a highly elastic GO dispersion. Wavelength selection is the result of energy minimization between the bending of the skin and the elastic deformation of the GO supporting dispersion. The results strongly suggest the possibility to tune wrinkles and patterns by simple physicochemical routes.
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Franco Tardani, Wilfrid Neri, Cécile Zakri, Hamid Kellay, Annie Colin, et al.. Shear Rheology Control of Wrinkles and Patterns in Graphene Oxide Films. Langmuir, American Chemical Society, 2018, 34 (9), pp.2996 - 3002. ⟨10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b04281⟩. ⟨hal-01762840⟩

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