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Thermographic and tomographic methods for tridimensional characterization of thermal transfer in silica/phenolic composites

Abstract : Silica/phenolic composite materials are often used in thermal protection systems (TPS) for atmospheric re-entry. The present work aims to compare two different approaches to assess heat transfer properties of these materials: i) using standard and specific experimental methods, and ii) with the development of 3D thermal transfer multiscale model using 2D (microscopy) and 3D (tomography) images. The latter procedure, based on computations on images, is a two-step change of scale from microscopic scale to mesoscopic scale and then to the macroscopic one. Two silica/phenolic composites with different spatial organizations are studied and their 2 thermal properties are compared. Several experimental methods have been used, including space-resolved diffusivity determinations. Numerical results are compared to experimental ones in terms of transverse and longitudinal thermal conductivities of the composites, and were found to be in good agreement. A discussion is made on the different possible sources of uncertainty for both methods.
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G. Bresson, A. Ahmadi-Sénichault, O. Caty, V. Ayvazyan, M.L. Gregori, et al.. Thermographic and tomographic methods for tridimensional characterization of thermal transfer in silica/phenolic composites. Composites Part B: Engineering, Elsevier, 2016, 104, pp.71-79. ⟨10.1016/j.compositesb.2016.08.022⟩. ⟨hal-01761315⟩

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