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Plant-phytopathogen interactions: bacterial responses to environmental and plant stimuli

Abstract : Plant pathogenic bacteria attack numerous agricultural crops, causing devastating effects on plant productivity and yield. They survive in diverse environments, both in plants, as pathogens, and also outside their hosts as saprophytes. Hence, they are confronted with numerous changing environmental parameters. During infection, plant pathogens have to deal with stressful conditions, such as acidic, oxidative and osmotic stresses; anaerobiosis; plant defenses; and contact with antimicrobial compounds. These adverse conditions can reduce bacterial survival and compromise disease initiation and propagation. Successful bacterial plant pathogens must detect potential hosts and also coordinate their possibly conflicting programs for survival and virulence. Consequently, these bacteria have a strong and finely tuned capacity for sensing and responding to environmental and plant stimuli. This review summarizes our current knowledge of the signals and genetic circuits that affect survival and virulence factor expression in three important and well-studied plant pathogenic bacteria with wide host ranges and the capacity for long-term environmental survival. These are: Ralstonia solanacerarum, a vascular pathogen that causes wilt disease; Agrobacterium tumefaciens, a biotrophic tumorigenic pathogen responsible for crown gall disease and Dickeya, a brute force apoplastic pathogen responsible for soft-rot disease.
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Contributor : Florence Hommais <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 5, 2018 - 4:48:18 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 25, 2020 - 9:52:02 AM

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Simon Leonard, Florence Hommais, William Nasser, Sylvie Reverchon. Plant-phytopathogen interactions: bacterial responses to environmental and plant stimuli. Environmental Microbiology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2017, 19 (5), pp.1689 - 1716. ⟨10.1111/1462-2920.13611⟩. ⟨hal-01759780⟩



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