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Generalized instantaneous modes in higher-order scalar-tensor theories

Abstract : We consider higher-order, scalar-tensor theories which appear degenerate when restricted to the unitary gauge but are not degenerate in an arbitrary gauge. We dub them U-degenerate theories. We provide a full classification of theories that are either DHOST or U-degenerate and that are quadratic in second derivatives of the scalar field and discuss its extension to cubic and higher-order theories. Working with a simple example of U-degenerate theory, we find that, for configurations in which the scalar field gradient is time-like, the apparent extra mode in such a theory can be understood as a generalized instantaneous, or “shadowy” mode, which does not propagate. Appropriate boundary conditions, required by the elliptic nature of part of the equations of motion, lead to the elimination of the apparent instability associated with this extra mode.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01758129
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 4, 2018 - 11:26:09 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 3, 2020 - 11:13:23 AM

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Antonio de Felice, David Langlois, Shinji Mukohyama, Karim Noui, Anzhong Wang. Generalized instantaneous modes in higher-order scalar-tensor theories. Phys.Rev.D, 2018, 98 (8), pp.084024. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevD.98.084024⟩. ⟨hal-01758129⟩

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