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Energy and implicit discretization of the Fokker-Planck and Keller-Segel type equations

Abstract : The parabolic-elliptic Keller-Segel equation with sensitivity saturation, because of its pattern formation ability, is a challenge for numerical simulations. We provide two finite-volume schemes whose goals are to preserve, at the discrete level, the fundamental properties of the solutions, namely energy dissipation, steady states, positivity and conservation of total mass. These requirements happen to be critical when it comes to distinguishing between discrete steady states, Turing unstable transient states, numerical artifacts or approximate steady states as obtained by a simple upwind approach. These schemes are obtained either by following closely the gradient flow structure or by a proper exponential rewriting inspired by the Scharfetter-Gummel discretization. An interesting feature is that upwind is also necessary for all the expected properties to be preserved at the semi-discrete level. These schemes are extended to the fully discrete level and this leads us to tune precisely the terms according to explicit or implicit discretizations. Using some appropriate monotony properties (reminiscent of the maximum principle), we prove well-posedness for the scheme as well as all the other requirements. Numerical implementations and simulations illustrate the respective advantages of the three methods we compare.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 29, 2018 - 10:48:53 AM
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Luís Almeida, Federica Bubba, Benoît Perthame, Camille Pouchol. Energy and implicit discretization of the Fokker-Planck and Keller-Segel type equations. Networks and Heterogeneous Media, AIMS-American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2019, 14 (1), ⟨10.3934/nhm.2019002⟩. ⟨hal-01745769v2⟩



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