Angular Based Beamforming and Power Allocation Framework in a Multi-User Millimeter-Wave Massive MIMO System

Abstract : Millimeter-Wave (mmWave) systems offer extremely large Band-Width (BW) and highly Line-of-Sight (LOS) dominant channels. Many beamforming and power allocation techniques have recently emerged to leverage such channel characteristics in order to enhance the sum capacity and the coverage for multi-user transmissions. However, most of the existing algorithms are practically limited due to full channel knowledge and high complexity requirements. In this paper we introduce a novel, low complexity, angular based beamforming and power allocation framework, that requires the knowledge of the main contributive Directions of Arrival/Departure (DoAs/DoDs) of the propagation channel only. Exploiting the fact that propagation conditions are highly driven by the geometrical structure of the channel in mmWave scenarios, our method relies on the estimation of the leakage caused by each User Equipment (UE) on all the other UEs, approximated from the DoAs contributions. We prove with the simulation results that this approach, in addition to be practically plausible, can enhance the network Spectral Efficiency (SE) alongside with maintaining acceptable data rates for the cell edge UEs.
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Mohamed Shehata, Maryline Hélard, Matthieu Crussière, Antoine Rozé, Charlotte Langlais. Angular Based Beamforming and Power Allocation Framework in a Multi-User Millimeter-Wave Massive MIMO System. 2018 IEEE 87th Vehicular Technology Conference: VTC2018-Spring, Jun 2018, Porto, Portugal. ⟨10.1109/vtcspring.2018.8417520⟩. ⟨hal-01730747⟩

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