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On the relation between azeotropic behavior and minimum / maximum flash point occurrences in binary mixtures of flammable compounds

Abstract : The flash point temperature and the boiling temperature of a mixture are related by the fact that both can be modeled based on vapor-liquid equilibrium (VLE) of each component. It has been suggested in the literature that there might exist a concomitance between azeotropic behavior and minimum/maximum flash point temperature for binary mixtures. In order to verify this statement, we derive new temperature dependent functions that relate the conditions valid for azeotropic behavior and those valid for minimum/maximum flash point behavior. Analysis of experimental data and predicted results allowed us to propose a heuristic to forecast extremum flash point based on the sole knowledge of azeotropic data and boiling and flash point temperatures differences. Extremum flash point might occur when both components are flammable and when the gap between the flash point temperatures of individual components (ΔT_fp) is of the same order or smaller than the boiling temperature gap (ΔT_b). Hence, we contribute to the assessment of the fire and explosion hazards in binary mixtures eventually presenting a minimum flash point behavior
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 27, 2018 - 9:11:39 AM
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Sergio da Cunha, Horng-Jang Liaw, Vincent Gerbaud. On the relation between azeotropic behavior and minimum / maximum flash point occurrences in binary mixtures of flammable compounds. Fluid Phase Equilibria, Elsevier, 2017, vol. 452, pp. 113-134. ⟨10.1016/j.fluid.2017.08.019⟩. ⟨hal-01718030⟩

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