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Marangoni-driven flower-like patterning of an evaporating drop spreading on a liquid surface

Abstract : Drop motility at liquid surfaces is attracting growing interest because of its potential applications in microfluidics and artificial cell design. Here we report the unique highly-ordered pattern that sets in when a millimeter-size drop of dichloromethane spreads on an aqueous substrate under the influence of surface tension, both phases containing a surfactant. Evaporation induces a Marangoni flow that forces the development of a marked rim at the periphery of the spreading film. At some point this rim breaks up, giving rise to a ring of droplets which modifies the aqueous phase properties in such a way that the film recoils. The process repeats itself, yielding regular large-amplitude pulsations. Wrinkles form at the film surface due to an evaporative instability. During the dewetting stage, they emit equally spaced radial strings of droplets which, combined with those previously expelled from the rim, make the top view of the system resemble a flower.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01717626
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Submitted on : Monday, February 26, 2018 - 3:40:18 PM
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Long-term archiving on: : Monday, May 28, 2018 - 12:37:07 PM

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Florian Wodlei, Julien Sebilleau, Jacques Magnaudet, Véronique Pimienta. Marangoni-driven flower-like patterning of an evaporating drop spreading on a liquid surface. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2018, 9, pp.820. ⟨10.1038/s41467-018-03201-3⟩. ⟨hal-01717626⟩

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