The Low-Frequency Radio Eclipses of the Black Widow Pulsar J1810+1744

Abstract : We have observed and analysed the eclipses of the black widow pulsar J1810+1744 at low radio frequencies. Using LOw-Frequency ARray (LOFAR) and Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope observations between 2011 and 2015, we have measured variations in flux density, dispersion measure, and scattering around eclipses. High-time resolution, simultaneous beamformed, and interferometric imaging LOFAR observations show concurrent disappearance of pulsations and total flux from the source during the eclipses, with a 3σ upper limit of 36 mJy ( < 10 per cent of the pulsar's averaged out-of-eclipse flux density). The dispersion measure variations are highly asymmetric, suggesting a tail of material swept back due to orbital motion. The egress deviations are variable on time-scales shorter than the 3.6 h orbital period and are indicative of a clumpy medium. Additional pulse broadening detected during egress is typically < 20 per cent of the pulsar's spin period, showing no evidence of scattering the pulses beyond detectability in the beamformed data. The eclipses, lasting ∼ 13 per cent of the orbit at 149 MHz, are shown to be frequency-dependent with total duration scaling as ∝ ν^−0.41 ± 0.03. The results are discussed in the context of the physical parameters of the system, and an examination of eclipse mechanisms reveals cyclotron–synchrotron absorption as the most likely primary cause, although non-linear scattering mechanisms cannot be quantitatively ruled out. The inferred mass-loss rate is a similar order of magnitude to the mean rate required to fully evaporate the companion in a Hubble time.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 21, 2018 - 1:32:48 PM
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E.J. Polzin, R.P. Breton, A.O. Clarke, V.I. Kondratiev, B.W. Stappers, et al.. The Low-Frequency Radio Eclipses of the Black Widow Pulsar J1810+1744. Mon.Not.Roy.Astron.Soc., 2018, 476 (2), pp.1968-1981. ⟨10.1093/mnras/sty349⟩. ⟨hal-01714265⟩

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