DEFORMATION THEORY OF BIALGEBRAS, HIGHER HOCHSCHILD COHOMOLOGY AND FORMALITY

Abstract : A first goal of this paper is to precisely relate the homotopy theories of bialgebras and E 2-algebras. For this, we construct a conservative and fully faithful ∞-functor from pointed conilpotent homotopy bialgebras to augmented E 2-algebras which consists in an appropriate " cobar " construction. Then we prove that the (derived) formal moduli problem of homotopy bial-gebras structures on a bialgebra is equivalent to the (derived) formal moduli problem of E 2-algebra structures on this " cobar " construction. We show consequently that the E 3-algebra structure on the higher Hochschild complex of this cobar construction, given by the solution to the higher Deligne conjecture, controls the deformation theory of this bialgebra. This implies the existence of an E 3-structure on the deformation complex of a dg bialgebra, solving a long-standing conjecture of Gerstenhaber-Schack. On this basis we solve a long-standing conjecture of Kontsevich, by proving the E 3-formality of the deformation complex of the symmetric bialgebra. This provides as a corollary a new proof of Etingof-Kazdhan deformation quantization of Lie bialgebras which extends to homotopy dg Lie bialgebras and is independent from the choice of an associator. Along the way, we establish new general results of independent interest about the deformation theory of algebraic structures, which shed a new light on various deformation complexes and cohomology theories studied in the literature.
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Grégory Ginot, Sinan Yalin. DEFORMATION THEORY OF BIALGEBRAS, HIGHER HOCHSCHILD COHOMOLOGY AND FORMALITY. 2018. ⟨hal-01714212⟩

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