On a two-dimensional mode-matching technique for sound generation and transmission in axial-flow outlet guide vanes

Abstract : The present work deals with the analytical modeling of two aspects of outlet guide vane aeroacoustics in axial-flow fan and compressor rotor-stator stages. The first addressed mechanism is the downstream transmission of rotor noise through the outlet guide vanes, the second one is the sound generation by the impingement of the rotor wakes on the vanes. The elementary prescribed excitation of the stator is an acoustic wave in the first case and a hydrodynamic gust in the second case. The solution for the response of the stator is derived using the same unified approach in both cases, within the scope of a linearized and compressible inviscid theory. It is provided by a mode-matching technique: modal expressions are written in the various sub-domains upstream and downstream of the stator as well as inside the inter-vane channels, and matched according to the conservation laws of fluid dynamics. This quite simple approach is uniformly valid in the whole range of subsonic Mach numbers and frequencies. It is presented for a two-dimensional rectilinear-cascade of zero-staggered flat-plate vanes and completed by the implementation of a Kutta condition. It is then validated in sound generation and transmission test cases by comparing with a previously reported model based on the Wiener-Hopf technique and with reference numerical simulations. Finally it is used to analyze the tonal rotor-stator interaction noise in a typical low-speed fan architecture. The interest of the mode-matching technique is that it could be easily transposed to a three-dimensional annular cascade in cylindrical coordinates in a future work. This makes it an attractive alternative to the classical strip-theory approach.
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Contributor : Simon Bouley <>
Submitted on : Monday, February 19, 2018 - 4:46:35 PM
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Simon Bouley, Benjamin François, Michel Roger, Hélène Posson, Stéphane Moreau. On a two-dimensional mode-matching technique for sound generation and transmission in axial-flow outlet guide vanes. Journal of Sound and Vibration, Elsevier, 2017, 403, pp.190 - 213. ⟨10.1016/j.jsv.2017.04.031⟩. ⟨hal-01712648⟩



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