Soigner l’enfant pendant les premières années de sa vie : ordre naturel et curation chez Antoine Petit (1722-1794)

Abstract : By focusing on newborn babies in the last chapters of his Abrégé historique de l’art des accouchemens (1798), the French doctor Antoine Petit (1722-1794) shows a particular interest in young children, especially frail and exposed to diseases. He prescribes a traditional health regimen, which focuses on factors influencing the child’s health. The infant’s soft body must conform to the body provided by Nature. Therefore, the doctor’s role is to prevent the child from anything that could hurt his natural development, such as birth defects or wrong medical practices. The doctor then pays attention to the child’s whole environment. Among these medical advices, the choice of the wet nurse is extremely important because through breastfeeding she transmits to the newborn baby her behaviour and virtue. In accordance with the ideas of the Age of Enlightenment, Antoine Petit intends to fight prejudices: although swaddling is common on the European continent, this practice is harmful to children. The art of the doctor is to find a balance between following Nature and giving “curation”, i. e. medical treatment, in order to save the child’s life.
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01702324
Contributor : Estela Bonnaffoux <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 6, 2018 - 4:14:23 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 1:48:05 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01702324, version 1

Collections

Citation

Estela Bonnaffoux. Soigner l’enfant pendant les premières années de sa vie : ordre naturel et curation chez Antoine Petit (1722-1794). Histoire culturelle de l'Europe, ERLIS, MRSH-Université de Caen Normandie, 2017, 2. ⟨hal-01702324⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

89