What drives the perceptual change resulting from speech motor adaptation? Evaluation of hypotheses in a Bayesian modeling framework

Abstract : Shifts in perceptual boundaries resulting from speech motor learning induced by perturbations of the auditory feedback were taken as evidence for the involvement of motor functions in auditory speech perception. Beyond this general statement, the precise mechanisms underlying this involvement are not yet fully understood. In this paper we propose a quantitative evaluation of some hypotheses concerning the motor and auditory updates that could result from motor learning, in the context of various assumptions about the roles of the auditory and somatosensory pathways in speech perception. This analysis was made possible thanks to the use of a Bayesian model that implements these hypotheses by expressing the relationships between speech production and speech perception in a joint probability distribution. The evaluation focuses on how the hypotheses can (1) predict the location of perceptual boundary shifts once the perturbation has been removed, (2) account for the magnitude of the compensation in presence of the perturbation, and (3) describe the correlation between these two behavioral characteristics. Experimental findings about changes in speech perception following adaptation to auditory feedback perturbations serve as reference. Simulations suggest that they are compatible with a framework in which motor adaptation updates both the auditory-motor internal model and the auditory characterization of the perturbed phoneme, and where perception involves both auditory and somatosensory pathways. Author summary Experimental evidence suggest that motor learning influences categories in speech perception. These observations are consistent with studies of arm motor control showing that motor learning alters the perception of the arm location in the space, and that these perceptual changes are associated with increased connectivity between regions of the motor cortex. Still, the interpretation of experimental findings is severely handicapped by a lack of precise hypotheses about underlying mechanisms. We reanalyze the results of the most PLOS Computational Biology | https://doi.
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Jean-François Patri, Pascal Perrier, Jean-Luc Schwartz, Julien Diard. What drives the perceptual change resulting from speech motor adaptation? Evaluation of hypotheses in a Bayesian modeling framework. PLoS Computational Biology, Public Library of Science, 2018, 14 (1), ⟨10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005942⟩. ⟨hal-01701562⟩

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