Cytotoxic effects of seven Tunisian hospital wastewaters on the proliferation of human breast cancer cell line MDA-231: correlation with their chemical characterization

Abstract : Hospital wastewaters contain large amounts of pharmaceutical residues, which may eventually be discharged into the aquatic environment through wastewater treatment plants, raising the question of their impact on human and environmental health. This has prompted the launch of several monitoring studies into the most commonly administered compounds in urban wastewater. The aim of this study was, therefore, to explore the cytotoxic potential of wastewaters samples collected from seven hospitals in Tunisia. The physicochemical analyses showed a large fluctuation of certain parameters in the collected samples, such as chemical oxygen demand (ranged from 860 to 1720 mg L-1), biochemical oxygen demand (ranged from 385 to 747 mg L-1), total organic carbon (ranged from 256 to 562 g L-1), total suspended solids (ranged from 905 to 1450 mg L-1), conductivity (ranged from 3.31 to 7.14 mu sm/cm), and turbidity (ranged from 100 to 480 NTU). The analysis using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) also showed that hospital wastewater contains high concentrations of Hg (ranged from 0.0024 to 0.019 mg L-1). This could be explained by the variation of the activity and the services in certain hospitals compared to others. All hospital wastewater samples induced the proliferation of human breast cancer cell line MDA-231, even at low concentrations (20 mu L/assay). Moreover, the maximum induction reached at the concentration of 60 mu L/assay in wastewater samples from hospitals located in Monastir, Sidi Bouzid, Mahdia, and Sfax with percentages of induction up to 42.33, 14, 7.61, and 5.42%, respectively. These observations could be due to the presence of endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in these wastewaters. Given this, our results evidenced the potential risk of these hospital effluents to environmental and public health.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01697250
Contributor : Karim Belghit <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, January 31, 2018 - 10:06:02 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 7, 2019 - 11:47:02 AM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Emna Nasri, Monia Machreki, Asma Beltifa, Sonia Aroui, Asma Ghorbel, et al.. Cytotoxic effects of seven Tunisian hospital wastewaters on the proliferation of human breast cancer cell line MDA-231: correlation with their chemical characterization. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2017, 24 (25), pp.20422-20428. ⟨10.1007/s11356-017-9717-7⟩. ⟨hal-01697250⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

100