A. See, A. Shekhovtsov, and . Umland, Is Alexander Dugin a Traditionalist? 'Neo-Eurasianism' and Perennial Philosophy, Russian Review, vol.68, 2009.

A. Dugin, La Cuarta teoria politica, 2013.

M. Schneider, since this part of the FN founded Nationalisme & République (which involved many FEL members) to try to displace Jean-Marie Le Pen in favor of Marie-France Stirbois, the widow of the former Front secretary-general Jean-Pierre Stirbois (Michel Schneider, letter dated, addressed to several members of the French extreme right, in author's possession) Launched in 1991, Nationalisme & République promulgated a strongly anti- American and " anti-Zionist " line and called for the convergence of the sovereigntist left, environmentalists, and the extreme right. [6n31] 31. The international stakes of hybridization was intense and multidirectional. When Limonov and Dugin launched the National-Bolshevik Front in Russia, they used this logo of Otto Strasser's Scharwze Front. The FEL was already using the logo following its adoption by the youth section of the New Resistance, Fabrice Robert led this group (he is now president of the Identity Bloc). Coming from the skinhead musical scene, he borrowed it from the clearly neo- Nazi musical label European Rebels, 1987.

X. Bougarel, Travailler sur l'islam dans la Bosnie en guerre Jacques Sémelin, Purifier et détruire Usages politiques des massacres et génocides Chronique d'un embrasement annoncé, 33. [6n39] 39. Yves Bataille became a resident of Yugoslavia, where his wife was colleague of Radovan Karadzic, the leader of the Bosnian Serbs. See, for example, pp.49-80, 1995.
DOI : 10.4000/conflits.821

L. Michel, Ni République islamique ni colonie yankee . . . l'Europe aux Européens, Nation Europe, issue.4, p.5, 1996.

C. Bouchet and . Lettre-ouverte-aux-cadres-de-nouvelle-résistance, Statuts de l'Association Nouvelle Résistance, 1996.

. See, A propos du Front Européen de Libération et du PCN

T. Southgate, Manifesto of the European Liberation Front, 1999.

M. Durham, From Imperium To Internet: The National Alliance and the American

E. Right, Special issue of Patterns of Radical Unity also founded a journal called Résistance that had an equivalent in Spain: Resistancia. 63, Prejudice, vol.36, pp.50-61, 1997.

F. Büttner, Right-Wing Extremism in Spain: Between Parliamentary Insignifi

F. Cance, R. Populism, and . Violence, Right " Path? Right- Wing Extremism and Right-Wing Populism in Europe, Is Europe on the 185. 65. Since the Treaty of the Pyrenees (1659), the part of Catalonia situated north of the, 2011.

. Icaria, Los ultras celebran la Hispanidad con actos xenófobos en Barcelona, El Pais, vol.706, issue.70, 2007.