Flow-fiber coupled viscosity in injection molding simulations of short fiber reinforced thermoplastics

Abstract : The main objective of this paper is to numerically investigate the use of fiber-dependent viscosity models in injection molding simulations of short fiber reinforced thermoplastics with a latest commercial software. We propose to use the homogenization-based anisotropic rheological model to take into account flow-fiber coupling effects. The 4th-order viscosity tensor is approximated by an optimal scalar model and then implemented in the Moldflow Insight API framework. Numerical simulations are performed for a test-case rectangular plate with three fiber orientation models. The resulting coupled flow kinematics and fiber evolutions are then compared to the standard uncoupled simulations. Interpretations are given based on detailed post-processing of the field results. Certain deformation conditions are expected to be better taken into account, which may also in return lead to an improved fiber orientation prediction. Preliminary confrontation between flow-fiber coupled simulations and existing experimental data is then presented at the end of the paper.
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Tianyi Li, Jean-François Luyé. Flow-fiber coupled viscosity in injection molding simulations of short fiber reinforced thermoplastics. International Polymer Processing, Carl Hanser Verlag, 2019, 34 (2), pp.158-171. ⟨hal-01683052v4⟩

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