Static Wireless Sensor Networks Deployment Using an Improved Binary PSO

M. R. Senouci 1 D. Bouguettouche F. Souilah A. Mellouk 1
1 CIR
LISSI - Laboratoire Images, Signaux et Systèmes Intelligents
Abstract : To reduce nonpoint source pollution from nutrient, chemical, and sediment runoff, a number of environmental policy standards have been proposed. Such standards could be used to reduce nonpoint source pollution from nutrient, chemical, and sediment runoff to impaired water bodies. State governments can use voluntary approaches to meet nonpoint source pollution reduction goals. However, the practices that lower net returns will not be voluntarily adopted by farmers. Crop rotations and tillage practices may help producers to comply with the environmental standards while minimizing losses in farm profits. This study compares runoff from crop rotation practices and conventional continuous row cropping systems in Mississippi. The results are compared for different tillage systems in order to examine robustness of results. Nutrient runoff and sediment runoff are simulated using the Erosion Productivity Impact Calculator (EPIC). Sensitivity analysis of the sediment and nitrate reductions at 15 percent, 25 percent, and 35 percent are conducted. Under these scenarios, net returns are optimized under environmental constraints, and the marginal cost of sediment reduction ranges from US$1.61 to US$9.63 per ton depending on soil conditions, while the corresponding nitrate and phosphorus reductions costs range from US$1.21 to US$7.08 per kg and from US$0.09 to US$31.91, respectively. The empirical results from this study indicate that a nitrate reduction policy is relatively less costly than a sediment reduction policy. The results also demonstrate the importance of geophysical conditions and policy costs, which vary across regions.
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Journal articles
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M. R. Senouci, D. Bouguettouche, F. Souilah, A. Mellouk. Static Wireless Sensor Networks Deployment Using an Improved Binary PSO. International Journal of Communication Systems, Wiley, 2016, 29 (5), pp.1026-1041. 〈hal-01676551〉

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