A comprehensive study of layer-specific morphological changes in the microstructure of carotid arteries under uniaxial load

Abstract : The load bearing properties of large blood vessels are principally conferred by collagen and elastin networks and their microstructural organization plays an important role in the outcomes of various arterial pathologies. In particular , these fibrous networks are able to rearrange and reorient spatially during mechanical deformations. In this study, we investigate for the first time whether these well-known morphological rearrangements are the same across the whole thickness of blood vessels, and subsequently if the underlying mechanisms that govern these rearrangements can be predicted using affine kinematics. To this aim, we submitted rabbit carotid samples to uniaxial load in three distinct deformation directions, while recording live images of the 3D microstructure using multipho-ton microscopy. Our results show that the observed realignment of collagen and elastin in the media layer, along with elastin of the adventitia layer, remained limited to small angles that can be predicted by affine kinematics. We show also that collagen bundles of fibers in the adventitia layer behaved in significantly different fashion. They showed a remarkable capacity to realign in the direction of the load, 2 Witold Krasny 1,2,3,4 et al. whatever the loading direction. Measured reorientation angles of the fibers were significantly higher than affine predictions. This remarkable property of collagen bundles in the adventitia was never observed before, it shows that the medium surrounding collagen in the adventitia undergoes complex deformations challenging traditional hyperelastic models based on mixture theories.
Complete list of metadatas

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01671719
Contributor : Valérie Locurto <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 22, 2017 - 3:13:08 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 7, 2019 - 4:40:31 PM

File

auteur_Krasny_biomaterialia.pd...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-01671719, version 1

Citation

Witold Krasny, Claire Morin, Hélène Magoariec, Stéphane Avril. A comprehensive study of layer-specific morphological changes in the microstructure of carotid arteries under uniaxial load. Acta Biomaterialia, Elsevier, 2017. ⟨hal-01671719⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

195

Files downloads

183