Comparative analysis of two hybrid energy storage systems used in a two front wheel driven electric vehicle during extreme start-up and regenerative braking operations

Résumé : This paper presents the comparative study of two hybrid energy storage systems (HESS) of a two front wheel driven electric vehicle. The primary energy source of the HESS is a Li-Ion battery, whereas the secondary energy source is either an ultracapacitor (UC) or a flywheel energy system (FES). The main role of the secondary source is to deliver/recover energy during high peak power demand, but also to increase battery lifetime, considered among the most expensive items in the electric vehicle. As a first step, a techno-economic comparative study, supported by strong literature research, is performed between the UC and the FES. The design and sizing of each element will be presented. The comparison criteria and specifications are also described. The adopted approach in this paper is based on an academic non-oriented point of view. In a second step, each of the HESS will be integrated in a more global Simulink model which includes the vehicle model, the traction control system (TCS), the regenerative braking system and the vehicle actuators. Simulation tests are performed for an extreme braking and vehicle starting-up operations. Tests are realized on two different surface road types and conditions (high and low friction roads) and for different initial system states. In order to show the most appropriate storage system regarding compactness, weight and battery constraints minimization, deep comparative analysis is provided.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Energy Conversion and Management, Elsevier, 2017, 144, pp.69-87. 〈10.1016/j.enconman.2017.04.036〉
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Soumis le : vendredi 22 décembre 2017 - 13:50:34
Dernière modification le : jeudi 25 octobre 2018 - 14:50:03

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Khaled Itani, Alexandre De Bernardinis, Zoubir Khatir, Ahmad Jammal. Comparative analysis of two hybrid energy storage systems used in a two front wheel driven electric vehicle during extreme start-up and regenerative braking operations. Energy Conversion and Management, Elsevier, 2017, 144, pp.69-87. 〈10.1016/j.enconman.2017.04.036〉. 〈hal-01671565〉

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